To participate in the Carbon Footprint Italy (CFI) program, it is necessary to achieve a verification statement of an independent third party, related to the product or to the organisation itself, according to the standards indicated in the Requirements section.
The registration to Carbon Reduction also requires the possession of two different verification statements obtained at different times, able to demonstrate the effective reduction of emissions. The participation in Carbon Reduction shall be supported by the description of the mitigation measures implemented by the organisation, which will be made public within the Carbon Reduction data sheet of the product or organisation.
Regarding the registration to Carbon Neutrality, it also requires the possession of CFP/CFO registrations released by CFI, together with the implementation of mitigation actions and the offsetting of the residual GHG emissions through the purchase of recognized carbon credits.
To participate in the CFI program it is necessary to fill in the registration application, differentiated by the various types of participation required.
The records represent the emission values referred to a specific time period and therefore are carried out one-off, without providing for periodic surveillance activity.
In order to avoid the presence of excessively obsolete information, the records are considered valid and kept on the site for a period of 3 years, after which they will be automatically removed and the registration will expire.
ISO 14067: regulates the definition of the Carbon Footprint of Product (CFP) or climate footprint of a product. It is the quantification of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to the entire life cycle of a product and it is expressed in terms of CO2e. It is therefore based on the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), taking into account only the “global warming” impact category.
With regard to CFP registrations, the requirements described in the Product Category Rules (PCR) concerning the category of the product analyzed are to be followed in the calculation of the carbon footprint, in addition to those of ISO 14067.
PCRs are necessary to ensure uniformity of a methodological approach to the performed studies and to allow comparability between CFP studies related to products of the same category. The PCRs must be developed in accordance with ISO/TS 14027: 2017 and be recognized within the CFI Programme Operator, with the support of the Scientific Technical Committee (see Organisational structure)
The CFI Programme Operator can implement collaboration agreements with other Programme Operators, in order to fully extend the mutual recognition of mutual PCR.
The PCR development process is described in the “PCR development” procedure, which can be downloaded in the dedicated section of the website.
ISO 14064-1: regulates the development of organisation GHG inventories, which involves the evaluation of direct and significant indirect GHG emissions. The new regulatory approach, introduced by the ISO 14064-1 standard, envisaged the expansion of the previous three “Scope” in six “Categories”, allowing for a more accurate description of the indirect emissions. The request to consider all significant indirect emissions increases the comparability of organisation GHG inventories and allows now the use of the term Carbon Footprint of Organisation (CFO).
EU ETS: The Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) developed by the European Union is the first international “cap and trade” market for the exchange of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions shares produced by companies. The ETS Directive 2003/87 /EC and subsequent modifications and additions, establishes the obligation to monitor, notify, and return annual CO2 emission shares for plants falling within the scope of application.
PAS 2060:regulates the demonstration of carbon neutrality, defining requirements for quantification, reduction and offsetting of GHG emissions in specific areas (e.g. organisations, products, projects and events).
PAS 2060 is the document issued by BSI, the British Standard Institution, commonly recognized at international level, waiting for the future development of ISO 14068.
Programmes recognized by CFI
With regard to Carbon Neutrality registrations, is necessary – among others requirements – offsetting any residual GHG emissions by purchasing carbon credits from projects recognized by CFI.
Carbon credits must come from programs of GHG emissions reduction and removals, recognized by CFI.
Particularly, CFI recognizes the following Programmes:
– Gold Standard,